WHO celebrates 20th anniversary of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
Panama, May 29, 2023.- An important milestone for WHO and for public health worldwide was the international agreement to combat the manufacture, distribution and consumption of tobacco products, creating or scaling up an international collaborative commitment that began in 2000 and culminated in 2003 with the treaty that has since added 182 parties, including NGOs and Member States, representing 90% of the population.
Tobacco kills more than 8 million people a year, including around 1.2 million deaths from exposure to secondhand smoke, to which are added the economic, social and environmental costs of consumption, substantial costs that include medical care for the treatment of diseases caused by tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke, as well as the loss of human capital resulting from morbidity and mortality attributable to tobacco.
Since the entry into force of the WHO FCTC, tobacco consumption has decreased worldwide, since 2018, the number of countries on track to meet the goal of a 30% reduction in tobacco consumption between 2010 and 2025 has almost doubled (from 32 to 60 countries).
Despite the above, challenges persist for the WHO FCTC that still struggle to implement the key provisions of the treaty that is aggravated by the interference of the tobacco industry, which remains a major obstacle.